Big Brother is Watching You

10 May

It’s more than just a bit unsettling to learn about the efforts being made by government to pass the likes of Bill C-11 and Bill C-51. After reading Dwayne Winseck‘s article (Un)Lawful Access: Wiring Canada’s Networks for Control and watching the video (Un)Lawful Access, I had flashbacks to Orwell’s 1984 in high school. As discussed in today’s class, the notion of the government, or any public agency (ie. police), having access to personal information at any time, watching your every digital move without a warrant, and without your awareness, is un-Canadian to me.

If Bill C-51 were to pass, it would be tantamount to saying that it would be legal for the government to blast through your front door at any hour of the day or night without  permission, nor communication, nor a warrant, to dig up information on your life’s transactions.

The conspiracy theorist in me has to think the Canadian government is being strong-armed into forming legislation that will look good to other governments as the level of inter-state cooperation in security increases globally. If this legislation were to pass (which it may not if enough people sign the petition), I for one would be dealing in cash a lot more often!


There are no coincidences

9 May

This is a little cliche that my mom loves to use… as a basis for everything. In some cases I agree, but in others we learn that it just boils down to math and probability. Today’s class, and stories from fellow classmates, inspired me to think further about social circles… particularly about those chance encounters that help us connect the dots.

Most of us have one, two or more stories about totally random encounters (in random places) where we meet someone who knows someone we know. At that moment in time, we can map that individual as a “weak tie” because we are now aware of that link – this chance encounter adds to the breadth of our social circles. And it leads me to thinking that learning the full scope of your social circle would require lots of random encounters, until which point those links cannot be easily identified.

During the last MACT Spring Institute, I discovered that I had connections with four of my classmates… that I never would have known about… and there may still be more that will only be uncovered with further conversation. So far, here they are:

  1. John & Carrie (my wife): found out they attended the applied communications program at Camosun College (Victoria, BC) at the same time.
  2. Andrea & Andra (high school friend): found out they schooled together at Mount Royal University.
  3. Sylvia & Colin/Gordon (international education colleagues at Langara College): work together.
  4. Judy & Bavin Glassworks (my family’s biz): former customer.

Regardless, while the connection itself is more easily explained, sometimes the seemingly coincidental way in which one learns about a connection makes it seem beyond ordinary.

Altruists Will Always Outperform

6 May

Apart from needing a degree in biology in various sections, The Hive Mind by Benjamin Phelan was fascinating. I knew the insect world was complex, but this is ridiculous – it forms visions of a world in another galaxy. On another level, it was entertaining to read through the academic banter between the traditionalists and the “out there” thinking of E. O. Wilson – what a battle!

The part that jumped out at me most was the statement Wilson made that “groups of altruists will always outperform groups of individualists”. That notion of practicing individual sacrifice for the benefit of the collective – similar to what is believed to be a human condition and something that building networks online require in order to thrive.

This led to other words forming in my head: socialism, communism. Is the reigning queen of the hive running a communist empire? I know they are just insects, but somehow the fact that this model exists in nature, it becomes easy to understand why aspects of this mindset are alive and well in parts of the human world.

Sloan Wilson’s perspective is that “altruism is advantageous at a larger scale, and that is the scale at which natural selection selects it”. In theory, I agree, but it is the rolling out of that theory where there are things that can derail the ideal – things like greed and corruption, for example. I wonder if there is and underworld in the hive?

Taste of BC – All.I.Can™s Kootenay Street Segment

5 May

For the ski bums in the group… and weekend entertainment. An amazing video of street skiing in the West Kootenays (near my stomping grounds)! And kind of a cool song called Dance Yourself Clean by LCD Soundsystem

This short video intro by Kootenay Mountain Culture Magazine: It’s definitely one of the coolest street ski segments you will ever see on film. Not only that, it might just be one of the best ski segments ever caught on film. And it all goes down on the streets of Trail, Rossland and Nelson in crappy, grey, wet, gravelly conditions. Shot by Dave Mossop of Sherpas Cinema, and starring JP Auclair, and friends

Go to the following link and scroll down to the video to watch (second image down) All.I.Can’s Kootenay Street Segment Goes Viral.

“A Hunger for Community” (Rheingold, 1993)

4 May

Last night I read chapter ten of Yochai Benkler‘s Wealth of Networks – a great read that responds to the early concerns by certain groups or researchers that the introduction of the internet was the beginning of the end of relationships among family and friends. Reports such as the Internet Paradox by Robert Kraut and the “preliminary report” from the Stanford Institute for the Quantitative Study of Society inject a sense of fear in the literature. Basically, they claim that the greater the use of the internet, the less people connect meaningfully with their family and friends, and therefore the looser the ties they have with those they already know.

Benkler was incredibly smart in how he addressed these reports. My sense is that he knew that if he objectively revealed the findings in these reports as a basis for his response to the concerns, explaining why the concerns were sensationalist would require little energy. Both the questionable methodology of these reports, and the assumptions made within, are aptly pointed out by Benkler.

Rather than displacing “real” contact with family and friends, Benkler suggest that the internet can supplement existing relationships while also meeting new people. He also cites Howard Rheingold who explains that when “technology becomes available to people anywhere, they inevitably build virtual communities with it, just as microorganisms inevitably create colonies” – speaking to this almost instinctive need or impulse of humans. Rheingold also intimates that the internet is on par with other revolutionary communications technologies, such as the printing press or the telegraph.

For my work in international education, relationships would be extremely challenging (not to mention expensive and time consuming) without the internet. I can’t imagine doing my job without it. Conversely, when I am overseas for work, my online connections with home supplement my existing relationships, rather than supplant them as argued by Benkler.

Web Constitutions

3 May

The article, Social Software and the Politics of Groups, is my first experience of a doomsday perspective by Clay Shirky. He seems concerned. Concerned that the web, and the social software living in it, is reaching a point where a healthy dose of focus is needed to prevent it from fizzling out.

In his article, Shirky differentiates the internet from earlier media (printing press, telegraph, radio, etc.) as a structure on which conversations can occur “among many people at once”. He notes “the radical change was de-coupling groups in space and time”, allowing for these conversations to happen. Shirky also reminds us that social software is still relatively new. He says “we are still learning how to build and use the software-defined conference tables and campfires we’re gathering around”.

As we know from Shirky’s Here Comes Everybody, he is a big believer in the power of crowdsourcing and collaborative efforts online. He suggests that groups exhibit different behaviours that “cannot be predicted by examining the individuals in isolation” and that this creates a design problem for social software. Social software had been created on the assumptions that groups can be of unlimited size, offer unlimited access and not hold the individual to a higher-level duty or common good.

Shirky suggests that because “the network is now a global metropolis”, these criteria need to change in order to protect groups. Wikipedia is an example of the kind of group that has done well in the current online reality – those that limit growth or restrict size, have barriers to joining or obtaining status as a “good member”, and impose enforceable norms for the good of the community. From what I understand, this supports the notion of the Semantic Web coined by Tim Berners-Lee.

These barriers are referred to as examples of “constitutions”, hence the article’s title, that govern software or groups like Wikipedia. Of course, this governance creates a culture. When we say so and so is a “Wikipedian”, it means something.

Shirky gives examples of constitutions that exist or could exist, such as Slashdot. He also recognizes “that the individual’s reaction to the software is the critical factor” – individual needs must be met while creating these constitutions. Further, he gives ideas for creating barriers that might be a component of such constitutions.

While this language of organization and politics seems to contravene open-source thinking, it does make sense in the bigger picture. Perhaps Shirky isn’t being all doom and gloom after all – he may just be saying what needs to be said.

Where the…?

2 May

The image in the header of this blog is taken from atop the fortress-like walls of Dubrovnik, Croatia’s Old Town. The structure in the image is apparently a very old water cistern/catch that serviced the inhabitants should they need to be closed off from the outside world (ie. in cases of battle). Now, the entire town is a UNESCO World Heritage site and a hugely popular tourism destination. Highly recommended.

“True enough, but not practical” (Kadushin, 2012)

2 May

This sums up what seems to be Charles Kadushin’s (2012) view on the notion that “the entire world is connected as a network” (p. 44) – that, while this is a valid and intuitive rationale, it’s just not a practical way of looking at networks through an analytical, scientific lens. Through the readings, it seemed to me that the only reason this more holistic perspective is not seen as “practical” is because it would be difficult to adequately or realistically measure. To accommodate the desire for analysis and measurement seems to demand a simplistic view on networks and the members that make them up. The rule that “a person can be a member of only one clique” (p. 47) is a very binary approach, leaving no room for the peculiarities of everyday life. However, I get the dilemma – a complete network would be too unwieldy to analyze and, therefore, “cutting up large networks into separate non-overlapping pieces for analysis is very useful for statistical analysis” (p. 48). But aren’t we missing out on major chunks of information if we choose to only analyze what can easily be defined? It creates a result, I guess.

Hello MACTmates!

30 Apr

This blog is, for now, a placeholder for my perceptions and reflections on the readings undertaken in my current grad studies class – Using & Managing Communications Networks. Comment, critique, share!